(701) 400.9060 | (701) 667.8768

Why RangeMate

The Difference is Protected Bioavailability

SQM is a revolutionary from of “protected” organic trace minerals using patented polysaccharide complexing. SQM bonds the trace minerals with a polysaccharide escort. This polysaccharide protects these nutrients, both physically and chemically, as it escorts them to the small intestine where they can absorbed. SQM’s protective process allows higher levels of trace minerals to avoid degradation in the intestinal tract and is, therefore, more available in higher concentrations for direct absorption. SQM economically and effectively delivers critical trace minerals to the absorption sites without interference, providing maximum trace mineral activity where needed.

Better bioavailability-or the amount of nutrient that is actually retained and used by the animal – means improved nutrition, and ultimately, better health and optimal growth and performance.


Antagonist- a substance which interferes with or inhibits the physiological action of another.

Bioavailabilty – The proportion of a drug or other substance which enters the circulation when introduced into the body and so is able to have an active effect.

  • Decreased antagonism
  • Increased absorption
  • Decreased trace mineral excretion

Trace Mineral Sources


  • not soluble (not able to be dissolved)
  • not very available
  • not resistant to antagonists (can be inhibited)


  • soluble (able to be dissolved)
  • not resistant to antagonists (can be inhibited)
  • harmful to vitamins

Organic complexes (found in SQM)

  • variable solubility (can be dissolved)
  • resistant to antagonists (not inhibited)
  • high bioavailability (able to be utilized by the animal)
  • vitamin sparing (able to be utilized by the animal)
  • typically rumen bypass

Choosing a level of Trace Minerals

How do I decide level of oxides, sulfates, and organic trace minerals?

  • Do I use 1/3 from organic traces?
  • Do I use ½ from organic traces?
  • Do I use 100% SQM?


SQM is the only organic trace mineral you can use at 100%

Trace Mineral Antagonists

Zinc Antagonists (Zinc inhibiting)

  • Calcium
  • Cadmium
  • Magnesium
  • Stress and disease- moves zinc out of extracellular fluids
  • Bentonite

Manganese Antagonists (Manganese inhibiting)

  • Calcium
  • Phosphorous
  • Iron
  • Potassium
  • Absorption can vary greatly within farms/ranches
  • Availability variable because of soil types, pH, fertilization and plant types

Copper Antagonists (Copper inhibiting)

  • High levels of Zinc, Iron, Molybdenum, or Sulfates tie up Copper
  • Deficiencies often related to antagonists, not levels
  • Grazing can reduce Copper absorption by 50% (soil ingestion). Clays and bentonites decrease copper absorption

Role of Trace Minerals

Role of Zinc

  • immune system response
  • involved in many enzyme systems
  • keratinization of hooves
  • essential for tissue formation
  • ruminal cellulose digestion
  • reproduction
  • 48 hour supply
  • 50% of zinc in milk is absorbed by calves

Role of Manganese

  • Essential for reproduction
  • Essential for immunocompetence
  • Enzyme activator
  • Cartilage and bone formation
  • Fat and carbohydrate metabolism
  • Absorbed throughout small intestine, efficiency of absorption is quite low

Role of Copper

  • Critical in stress physiology and immunity
  • Required for enzyme systems
  • Keratinization
  • Integrity of central nervous system
  • Tissue/hair pigmentation

Symptoms of trace mineral Deficiency

Zinc Deficiency

  • Reduced dry matter intake
  • Poor growth and milk production
  • Poor reproductive performance
  • Poor hair and skin condition
  • Lowered immune system response
  • Negative changes in hoof structure

Manganese Deficiency Symptoms

  • Impaired growth
  • Poor reproductive performance
  • Poor estrus signs
  • Poor conception rates
  • Poor lipid and carbohydrate metabolism
  • Calves with twisted legs, weak pasterns, swollen joint, low bone strength

Copper Deficiency Symptoms

  • Rough hair coats
  • Color changes, black-red or gray brown-yellow
  • Suppressed immunity
  • Reduced growth

RangeMate Enhanced Performance


  • Herd improvement
  • Reduced culling
  • Reduced hoof problems
  • Improved performance


  • Herd improvement
  • Reduced culling
  • Improved performance

Feed Tag Comparison

How to read feed tag
Since soil types, pH, plant types, fertilization, and water sources vary on each farm, ranch and feedlot, no salt has been added to the Rangemate products except for Salt-Fortified Rangemate Supreme Mineral.

Contact us today to learn more | (701) 667.8768 or (701) 400.9060